Dharavi slum was founded in 1880s during the British colonial era. The slum grew in part because of expulsion of factories and residents from peninsular city center by colonial government, and from rural poor migrating into urban Mumbai (then called Bombay). It is currently a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, diverse settlement.[Dharavi’s total population estimates vary between 300,000 to about 1 million.
Dharavi has an active informal economy in which numerous household enterprises employ many of the slum residents. It exports goods around the world. Leather, textiles and pottery products are among the goods made inside Dharavi by the slum residents. The total annual turnover has been estimated at over US$500 million.
Dharavi is situated between Mumbai’s two main suburban railway lines, the Western and Central Railways. To its west are Mahim and Bandra, and to the north lies the Mithi River, which empties into the Arabian Sea through the Mahim Creek. To its south and east are Sion and Matunga.
Asia’s largest slum, Dharavi, lies in the heart of India’s financial capital, Mumbai (Bombay). Dharavi is located between Mumbai’s 2 main suburban rail lines, most people find it useful for work, it is located 12km south-east of Juhu. Dharavi has a population of more than 600,000 people residing in 100,000 makeshift homes, and one of the world’s highest population densities at more than 12,000 persons per acre.It is home to more than a million people. Many are second-generation residents, whose parents moved in years ago. Today’s Dharavi bears no resemblance to the fishing village it once was. A city within a city, it is one unending stretch of narrow dirty lanes, open sewers and cramped huts. In a city where house rents are among the highest in the world, Dharavi provides a cheap and affordable option to those who move to Mumbai to earn their living. Rents here can be as low as 185 rupees ($4/£2.20) per month. As Dharavi is located between Mumbai’s two main suburban rail lines, most people find it convenient for work. Even in the smallest of rooms, there is usually a cooking gas stove and continuous electricity. Although, it is very noisy, and about 10 to 15 people live in the same house !!!! and over 15,000 people use the same toilet everyday with no sewage systems !!!!
Dharavi has suffered through many incidences of epidemics and other disasters. It currently covers an area of 217 hectares (535 acres). Dharavi has a high population density, and as with other worldwide slums, overcrowded. It is mostly low rise structures surrounded by Mumbai city. In most large cities, the floor space index (FSI) varies from 5 to 15 in the Central Business District (CBD) to about 0.5, or below, in the suburbs. Dharavi’s FSI is very low.Still, in expensive Mumbai , provides up-to-date news, features, analysis and get a glimpse of politics, entertainment, business, sports, world news & more.. The address of Dharavi “The Heart of Mumbai ” is 9
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